About the Dashboard Data

The information presented on the dashboard is compiled from a number of datasets maintained by UNEP-WCMC, and is a demonstration of the range of work we undertake. In many cases the information is based on ‘live’ data pulled from one of our applications, and it changes over time. For example, Most Imported / Exported Species will change as trade data are entered into the CITES trade database. In other cases (such as Estimated Biodiversity Loss) the information is the result of modeling or the compilation of a specific data set.

Estimated Biodiversity Loss

This figure is an estimate of the average loss of biodiversity (proportion of species) from local ecosystems across the country, using a database of 1.5 million biodiversity records from over 13,000 sites covering more than 27,000 species. Biodiversity loss is calculated using estimates of land use in the year 2000 and is compared against a baseline when all habitat was assumed to be natural, and thus biodiversity was 100% intact. Note that figures reflect local losses of species, so do not say anything about global or national extinctions of species.

The figure shown is generated from the PREDICTS Project (Projecting Responses of Ecological Diversity In Changing Terrestrial Systems), which investigates how local biodiversity responds to human pressures. This aims ultimately to improve our ability to predict future biodiversity changes.

PREDICTS uses a range of meta-analytical methods to quantify species and community-level responses to a range of human pressures including agriculture, deforestation, human population, and human infrastructure.

The PREDICTS project is a partnership between the Natural History Museum, UNEP-WCMC, Imperial College London, University College London, University of Sussex and Microsoft Research.

See our Featured Work on Biodiversity Modelling.

Number of Protected Areas by Country or Region

Protected areas are defined as terrestrial, freshwater or marine areas that are recognised, dedicated and managed, through legal or other effective means, to achieve the long-term conservation of nature with associated ecosystem services and cultural values. This includes, for example, national parks and nature reserves.

UNEP-WCMC maintains the World Database on Protected Areas (WDPA), a foundation dataset for conservation decision-making. It contains crucial information from national governments, non-governmental organizations, academic institutions, international biodiversity convention secretariats and many others.

ProtectedPlanet.net is the online interface for the WDPA. It is a joint project between IUCN and UNEP, and is the most comprehensive online global database of terrestrial and marine protected areas. ProtectedPlanet.net lets you discover the protected areas of the world by exploring maps and intuitive searching, and feeds you information directly from the WDPA.

The protected area figure shown on the dashboard is drawn directly from Protected Planet using the publicly available API.

See our Featured Work on Protected Planet.

Carbon Storage

Terrestrial ecosystems store carbon (C) in their biomass, both above ground and in roots, and in the organic fraction of their soils. The density of carbon in ecosystems varies with vegetation and soil types.

This carbon value is calculated from a data layer that combines several different datasets. The basemap is a global, IPCC Tier 1 carbon dataset (Ruesch, A., Gibbs, H.K. 2008), and for some countries, these data have been replaced with higher resolution data.

In order to show how much stored carbon falls within protected areas, we have combined the per-country carbon dataset with the World Database on Protected Areas, which UNEP-WCMC maintains and makes available via the Protected Planet website.

For further information on the composition of the carbon dataset used in these calculations please visit the data section on the carbon and biodiversity calculator tool website.

Most Imported / Exported Species

The Trade Database of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) shows trade in CITES-listed species reported by the 180 Parties to CITES in their annual reports and currently holds more than 13 million records. Around a million records of trade in CITES-listed species are reported every year through CITES annual reports.

The figure displayed here shows direct trade of live, wild animals either to or from your country or region, currently listed on the CITES Appendices.

CITES trade statistics are derived from the CITES Trade Database, managed under contract for the CITES Secretariat by UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre, Cambridge, UK.

Visit the CITES Trade Database.

Number of CITES/CMS-listed species in your country by group

This table shows the number of animal species listed in either the Appendices to Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) or to the Convention on Migratory Species (CMS) in your country or region by taxonomic group. The number of species within a particular taxonomic group is displayed on the right hand side. These data are drawn from the Species+ database.

Species+ is a website developed by UNEP-WCMC and the Secretariat of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES). It is designed to assist Parties to implement CITES and CMS. It provides a centralized portal for accessing key information about the taxonomy, legislation, distribution and relevant trade restrictions for all species that are listed in the Appendices of CITES and CMS, as well as those covered by the EU Wildlife Trade Regulations.

The list of CITES species is derived from the The Checklist of CITES Species, the official list of CITES-listed species (see Resolution 12.11 (Rev CoP16)) that is derived from Species+.

See our Featured work on Species+.