The scope of this report is to present trends of 34 waterbird species for the International Wadden Sea and the four surrounding regions - the Netherlands, the federal states of Germany, Niedersachsen and Schleswig-Holstein, and Denmark.Resource Type: Reports
The type and amount of social and environmental benefits that REDD+ can deliver depend on where and how actions are implemented. The potential benefits of implementing REDD+actions in a certain location are influenced by a range of factors, including the biophysical, geographic, socio-economic and cultural characteristics of the area. Maps can support decisions on where and how to put REDD+ into practice by conveying spatial information in an easily accessible way. This brochure presents a
set of maps that have been developed for decision-makers in the UN-REDD Programme pilot province Central Sulawesi, Indonesia, and gives some guidance for their interpretation.
This paper is based on a feasibility study on the monitoring of rare tropical timber species in international trade.Resource Type: Reports
UNEP-WCMC contributed to the UN-REDD Programme fifth Policy Brief, “REDD+ and the 2020 Aichi Biodiversity Targets: Promoting Synergies in International Forest Conservation Efforts”.Resource Type: Reports
When forests that would have been lost or degraded are retained or restored through REDD+, they deliver ‘multiple benefits’ in addition to protecting or enhancing carbon stocks. These ecosystem-based benefits may include conservation of forest biodiversity, water regulation, soil conservation, timber, forest foods and other non-timber forest products. REDD+ can also lead to direct social benefits, such as jobs, livelihoods, land tenure clarification, carbon credit payments or enhanced participation in decision-making under stronger governance. The UN-REDD Programme works with countries to address both ecosystem-based and social benefits, as well as a range of other REDD+ relevant areas. This brochure focuses on the ecosystem-based benefits of REDD+, which often depend upon forest biodiversity.Resource Type: Reports
This paper investigates the relationship and potential synergies between monitoring systems for carbon stock changes and multiple benefits from REDD+.Resource Type: Reports
Co‐benefits, often called multiple benefits, are the positive impacts of Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD) that are additional to emissions reductions. These include ecosystem and social benefits such as biodiversity and non‐timber forest products. Potential co‐benefits from REDD are widely relevant in Tanzania, where forests and woodlands support the livelihoods of 87% of the rural poor (Milledge et al. 2007). Conserving biodiversity also promotes the continued provision of these benefits under environmental change (Campbell et al. 2009), thus increasing resilience to climate change. Depending on where REDD action is taken, the co‐benefits delivered will vary. Simple mapping tools can help identify how carbon, other services and pressures such as fire are distributed and relate to each other.
Here, we map the distribution of carbon stocks in relation to the possible co‐benefits of REDD, alongside other relevant factors. A new map of carbon in Tanzania’s ecosystems has been produced for this analysis.Resource Type: Reports
This study assesses the global trade in coral in an ecological and economic context. Throughout the report emphasis is placed on the trade in live coral for aquaria because the last decade has seen an enormous increase in this business. The taxonomic composition of the trade is identified and the quantities of coral passing between nations illustrate the links between major exporters and importers. Subsequent chapters present data on the practicalities of monitoring international trade in coral at the global scale. Size and growth rate data are used to assess the sustainability of the trade in live coral, and export and retail prices are used to estimate the revenue to exporting nations.Resource Type: Reports
©2013 UNEP All rights reserved