Participatory Biodiversity Monitoring for REDD+: Considerations for national REDD+ programmes

Author: Mant, R., Swan, S., Bertzky, M. & Miles, L.

Participatory Biodiversity Monitoring for REDD+: Considerations for national REDD+ programmes

 UNEP-WCMC, in collaboration with SNV in Viet Nam, has developed a briefing on participatory biodiversity monitoring in REDD+. Some national REDD+ programmes, including Viet Nam’s, are currently considering the use of participatory biodiversity monitoring within REDD+. This brief presents the key issues that national REDD+ programmes may want to consider if they decide to develop participatory biodiversity monitoring. The briefing covers why monitor biodiversity in REDD+, what is participatory biodiversity monitoring, what are the concerns about participatory biodiversity monitoring, and what is needed for participatory biodiversity monitoring.

Overall, participatory biodiversity monitoring can benefit REDD+ programmes as a relatively cost-effective and sustainable component of national forest monitoring systems. Monitoring biodiversity impacts of national programmes, including REDD+ can provide information on how countries are achieving the objectives of multilateral environment agreements, and existing national policies. In particular, safeguard information systems for national REDD+ programmes can benefit from the information provided by participatory biodiversity monitoring approaches. Additionally, participatory biodiversity monitoring can empower and encourage local stakeholder engagement in REDD+ processes and contribute to the full and effective participation of stakeholders, in particular women, indigenous peoples and local communities. REDD+ schemes that can demonstrate biodiversity benefits may be more attractive to gain support for the actions. However, participatory biodiversity monitoring is likely not to be the best solution in situations where complex equipment or expertise is needed to collect the data or where abstract indices of biodiversity are applied.