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It is estimated that deforestation and forest degradation account for around 15% of global anthropogenic carbon dioxide emissions (including emissions from fires in the peat swamp forests of Southeast Asia)1. As such, REDD+ (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation, conservation of forest carbon stocks, sustainable management of forests, and enhancement of forest carbon stocks) is regarded as a key option for climate change mitigation under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).
Retaining and enhancing forest cover can yield multiple benefits in terms of biodiversity conservation and ecosystem services in addition to climate regulation, but can also lead to some risks. The precise policies and management practices chosen will affect the quantity and quality of multiple benefits delivered by REDD+, and the effects of any displacement of land-use change or forestry activities within or between countries.
As part of the UN-REDD Programme, UNEP-WCMC is working with developing countries on tools and analyses that help decision makers to safeguard and enhance the multiple benefits of REDD+. We produce analyses and guidance on this topic, including spatial analyses of areas of overlap between carbon, biodiversity and other ecosystem services. Substantial work has also been carried out on the measurement, reporting and verification (MRV) requirements for REDD/REDD+.
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